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About Nepal

Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is located in South Asia.  it is a landlocked country neighboured by China and India.  Nepal's ecological zones run east to west about 800km along its Himalayan axis, 150 to 250 km north to south.  Nepal is divided into three main geographical regions: Himalayan region, mid hill region and Terai (plains) region.  (Nepal Human Development Report 2014 - UNDP)

Present Situation

Nepal is making efforts to move out of an extended political transition and has resolved to accelerate its graduation from least developed to a developing country by 2022.  The importance of inclusive growth and human development to sustain peace, achieved after a long conflict, has been deeply ingrained among all stakeholders.  The agenda for the years to come is high-quality growth and equitable development.

Area: 140,800 square km between 70 and 8848 meters altitude
Capital city: Kathmandu
Ethnic Groups: Chhettri 16.6%, Brahman-Hill 12.2%, Magar 7.1%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.8%, Newar 5%, Kami 4.8%, Muslim 4.4%, Yadav 4%, Rai 2.3%, Gurung 2%, Damai/Dholii 1.8%, Thakuri 1.6%, Limbu 1.5%, Sarki 1.4%, Teli 1.4%, Chamar/Harijan/Ram 1.3%, Koiri/Kushwaha 1.2%, other 19% (125 caste/ethnic groups were reported in the 2011 census).
Official National Language: Nepali
Population: 26.49 million (2011 National Census)
Urban population: 17% (2011)
Population growth rate: 1.82% (2014 est.)
Infant mortality (under one): 40.43 per 1000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy (at birth): 67.19 years (2014 est.)
Maternal mortality rate: 190 per 100,000 live births
Religion:Hinduism 81.3%, Buddhism 9%, Muslims 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, unspecified 0.2%
Major industries: Tourism, Handicraft, Agriculture and Water Resources.
Currency: Rupee
GNP per capita: $377
Adult literacy rate: Total population 57.4% (male 71.1% and female 46.7%) (2011 est.)
Percentage population with access to safe drinking water: Total 88.1% Urban 90.3% Rural 87.6%.

Information sources:

Nepal Human Development Report 2014, UNDP
National Census 2011, Central Bureau of Statistics, Government of Nepal
CIA World Fact Book

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Nepal Development Regions

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